What Is Language? ASHA.ORG
Language is different from speech.
Language is made up of socially shared rules that include the following:
- What words mean (e.g., "star" can refer to a bright object in the night sky or a celebrity)
- How to make new words (e.g., friend, friendly, unfriendly)
- How to put words together (e.g., "Peg walked to the new store" rather than "Peg walk store new")
- What word combinations are best in what situations ("Would you mind moving your foot?" could quickly change to "Get off my foot, please!" if the first request did not produce results)
When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she has a language disorder.
When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder.
In our example, Tommy has a speech disorder that makes him hard to understand. If his lips, tongue, and mouth are not moved at the right time, then what he says will not sound right. Children who stutter, and people whose voices sound hoarse or nasal have speech problems as well.
Information provided by ASHA.org
What is Autism?
Autism is a range of of complex neurodevelopment disorders known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified), Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, these disorders are commonly referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). ASD varies in character and severity, it occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Experts estimate that 6 out of every 1000 will have an ASD. Males are four times more likely to have an ASD than females.
Common signs of autism- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke/Autism Speaks
- Impaired social interaction
- Fails to respond to his or her name
- Has poor eye contact
- Appears not to hear you at times
- Resists cuddling and holding
- Prefers to play alone
- Unaware of others feeling
- Speech starts later than age 2, and other developmental delay by 30 months
- Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences
- Doesn't make eye contact when making requests
- Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm
- Can't start a conversation or keep one going
- May repeat words or phrases, but doesn't understand how to use them
- Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping
- Develops specific routines
- Becomes disturbed when routines are changed
- May become fascinated by parts of an object
- May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and/or touch but not to pain
When to see a doctor
- If your child does not babble or coo by 12 months
- If your child does not gesture by 12 months
- If your child does not say a single word by 16 months
- If your child does not say two-word phrases by 24 months
- If your child loses previously acquired language or social skills at any age